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This introduction video is about theory, so if you are not interested in grammar don't pay attention to it and go straight to Explanations.
Read the explanations and then watch the presentation video. Also, read the transcription, there are some comments, and try to understand something.
(Forget about the parts in red, they will confuse you)
What is an adverb? Are you unsure?
An adverb adds meaning to verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.
Adverbs can tell you how something is done. This is an adverb of manner:
- I typed quickly
When something is done. This is an adverb of time:
- It rained today.
Where something is done. This is an adverb of place:
- We all walked there.
And to what extent something happens:
- He was extremely loud.
There are also conjunctive or sentence adverbs that join two clauses together:
It was, nevertheless, a beautiful night.
Most adverbs end in -ly and come from adjectives:
Victoriously, angrily, bravely and carelessly.
Are you getting it?
Here is a sentence without any adverbs:
- Holly and Misty returned.
From this sentence, we don't know how, when, where or why Holly and Misty returned. Now here is the same sentence modified with adverbs:
- Holly and Misty returned home slowly yesterday, because they wanted to enjoy the beautiful spring day.
Are you still unsure? Well, why don't you give it a go. Add some adverbs to your writing and bring your writing to life.
An Adverb adds meaning to verbs... = An adverb modifies the meaning of verbs...
Are you getting it? = do you understand this?
- Holly and Misty returned home slowly yesterday
adverb of place, where? home
adverb of manner, how? slowly
adverb of time, when? yesterday
Este vídeo de presentación es sobre teoría, así la gramática no te interesa mucho puedes olvidarte de él e ir directamente a Explanations (explicaciones).
Lee las expliaciones y luego mira el vídeo de presentación, aunque no entiendas demasiado puede que entiendas bien la idea básica de lo que dicen. Asegúrate de leer la transcripción, tiene algunas explicaciones.
- Holly and Misty returned there slowly yesterday = Holly y Misty regresaron allí despacio ayer.
adverbio de lugar, ¿dónde? allí
adverbio de modo, ¿cómo? despacio
adverbio de tiempo, ¿cuándo? ayer
Lo más importante es saber que la mayoría de los adverbios son "adverbios de modo" (adverbs of manner) porque describen de qué modo se realiza la acción, y casi todos los adverbios de modo se forman añadiendo la terminación -LY a un adjetivo, exactamente igual que nosotros los formamos añadiendo a los adjetivos la terminación -MENTE:
- She is wonderful (adj) = ella es maravillosa
- She sings wonderfully (adv) = ella canta maravillosamente
- He dances happily = él baila felizmente
slow = lento
slowly = despacio, de forma pausada
quick = rápido
quickly = rápidamente
Adverbs are the words that modify the meaning of a verb and answer the questions: how?, how often?, when?
(They can also modify an adjective or another adverb, but that's not important now)
- he speaks fast how? fast
- I sleep well how? well
- She is here today when? today
- They are dancing happily how? happily
- I never drink alcohol how often? never
Most of the adverbs answer the question HOW? and are called "adverbs of manner. They are usually formed adding -ly to an adjective:
- happy + -ly = happily
- He is a happy man
- He dances happily how does he dance? happily
- A slow train moves slowly
More adverbs of manner: calmly, beautifully, badly, nicely, strongly, sadly, softly, ridiculously, madly, etc.
But some adverbs of manner don't end in -ly:
- A fast train moves fast
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