8-I) Superlatives (New Zealand) UNIT 8 lesson I

Here we will learn about the superlative form of adjectives.

Read the explanations and then watch the videos.

The comparative form of the adjectives is comparing two things. The superlative is comparing more than two things:

comparative --> Peter is taller than Mike
superlative --> Peter is the tallest in his family   (he is taller than his father, taller than his mother and taller than his sister)

If you know the comparative of superiority, the superlative is very simple, almost the same.

To make the superlative we have two different forms, depending on how many syllables the adjective has.

Short adjectives (1 syllable)
We add -EST to the adjective and use the article THE.
tall --> the tallest.
nice --> the nicest.
old --> the oldest.
- Paul is the tallest in his family --> Paul is 1.72, his father is 1.70, his mother is 1.69 and his sister is 1.54
- I like Susan and I like Tally, but Mary is the nicest --> Mary is nicer than Susan and Tally
- My grandfather is the oldest man in the village --> nobody is older than my grandfater.

Long adjectives (3 or more syllables)
We put THE MOST before the adjective
- Paul is the most intelligent student in class
- This film is the most interesting film of 2009

2-syllable adjectives
If they end in -Y they take the ending -IEST.
happy --> the happiest
easy--> the easiest
If they don't end in -Y they usually use THE MOST
- Tom is the most polite.
But some of them can take -IEST or both constructions.

SECOND TERM OF COMPARISON

When we compare one thing with a group, the group is introduced by IN (sometimes by OF)

- Tom is the youngest person in his family
- This is the most beautiful flower in the garden
- This is the most important festival of the year

SPELLING

If the adjective ends in -E they just add the -ST.
nice --> the nicest
late --> the latest
If the adjective ends in one single vowel + one single consonant, it doubles the final consonant.
fat --> the fattest
big --> the biggest
thin --> the thinnest

IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES

These three adjectives have irregular forms for the comparative:
good - better - the best
bad - worse - the worst
far - farther - the farthest

INTENSIFIERS (>>)

If we want to express that the three or more things that we compare are very different we can use BY FAR before the comparison.
- Mark is by far the tallest of all --> Mark is very tall and nobody is taller than him
- Your house is by far the most beautiful house in the village

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